Poison ivy rash is caused by the skin's reaction to the oily resin called urushiol (oo-roo-she-all). Urushiol is found in the leaves, stems, and roots of poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac plants. To identify the plants that grow in your area, see our poison ivy map of the Unites States here.
According to the American Skin Association1, approximately 85% of the population is allergic to these rash-causing plants. In most cases, a poison ivy rash (or poison oak, sumac) can be treated at home with over-the-counter solutions; however, if a rash lasts for more than 2 weeks and doesn't appear to improve, it is recommend to seek care from a medical professional.
The symptoms and severity of poison ivy rash can vary from person to person, but generally, the symptoms of a poison ivy rash are:
These symptoms will typically appear within 48 hours after exposure, and last anywhere from 2-4 weeks. In some cases, the rash appears as small scratches that are often confused with minor trail scrapes; however, most often poison ivy rash is red with small bumps or blisters. Click here to see what poison ivy rash looks like.
How to prevent
The key to poison ivy rash prevention and care is to remove the oil! Using a poison ivy wash, like Tecnu® or Tecnu Extreme® is the first step in the battle against poison ivy. If used within the first 8 hours after exposure, a poison ivy wash can remove the oil before it bonds with the skin and causes a rash. If a rash has already appeared, it is still important to remove the oil to keep poison ivy rash from spreading. In addition to cleansers that remove the rash-causing oil, there are a few other precautions to take:
- Wear long sleeves & pants
- Wear gloves when working around poison ivy or oak
- Familiarize yourself with what poison ivy looks like
How to treat
So, what is the best treatment for poison ivy? The first step is to remove urushiol from the skin whether a rash has appeared or not. The second step is to wash items that could cause secondary contamination: clothing, tools, equipment, even your dog. If a rash appears, treat with an anti-itch poison ivy treatment such a Calagel® or Tecnu® Rash Relief Spray.
Poison ivy rash is contagious.
- False, poison ivy rash is not contagious. Skin must come in direct contact with urushiol to cause a rash.
Liquid from the blisters contain can cause the rash to spread.
- False, by the time your body has produced blisters, the oil has been absorbed.
Eating small pieces of poison ivy plants will make me immune.
- Not only is this false, it is also very dangerous. Do not ingest poison ivy, oak, or sumac plants.